In October 2000, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 1325, the first resolution in what has become its Women, Peace and Security agenda. This signaled a major shift in the way that the UN viewed issues related to women, war and peace. The Security Council now directly addresses the situation of women and girls during armed conflict and the need for women to be involved at all levels and stages of decision-making in regard to peace keeping and conflict resolution.
SCR 1325 recognized the disproportionate impact of conflict on women and girls. It also noted that little was being done to address women’s and girls’ needs during or after conflict or to strengthen their participation in peacebuilding processes. It therefore established three pillars (often referred to as three “Ps”) in relation to women and armed conflict: Prevention, Protection and Participation. Member States and UN entities are now expected to address women’s and girls’ protection and assistance needs during conflict and postconflict periods and also to facilitate and support women’s involvement in conflict prevention, peacebuilding and postconflict reconstruction processes.